Thursday, November 29, 2012

Poverty among the elderly - some statistics

The document ssrn_id1756759.pdf says 35 m among seniors are chronically poor.
Here are some more points:
Poverty among the elderly in India

1. Extract from UNPF report released in November 2012 section 4.1
(this was presented during latest Seminar on Inclusive Growth in Delhi)

Overall, 74 per cent of elderly men and about 41 per cent of elderly
women report receiving some personal income. However, the majority
fall in the low income
category. The distribution shows that 43 per cent of all elderly
receive no income, 22 per cent receive less than Rs 12,000, 21 per
cent receive between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 50,000 and around 14 per cent
receive more than Rs. 50,000 per annum.

On poverty front, it is already established in developed countries
like UK that the proportion of elderly people living at or below the
poverty line is
very much higher than that of younger people (Townsend, 1981). It is
also evident from
Indian data that 40 percent of the elderly live below the poverty line
and 90 percent are
neither covered by any state pension nor have any family to take care
of them 4 .
However, still little is known about poverty among the elderly 5

NPOS 2011 states in intro that 51 m elderly live below poverty line.

4. WHO report on Ageing in India by Indira Jayaprakash says: Nearly
60% to 75% of all elderly are economically dependent on others in


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